College of Agriculture, Hisar

(Wheat and Barley Section)

Dr. Pawan Kumar

Mailing Address

Wheat and Barley Section, Deptt. of Genetics & Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar-125 004

Phone No : 01662255403

Email Id :hos_wheat@hau.ac.in

Trends in area, production and productivity (50 Years):

In the domain of foodgrains, wheat & barley respectively occupies the first and fourth position in terms of global acreage under food crops. Wheat, the second most important cereal crop is a major source of daily calorie intake. Globally, wheat (Triticum spp.) is grown in about 221.21 million hectares holding the position of highest acreage among all crops with annual production covering around 779.03 million tonnes. In India, it is covering an area of 30.54 million hectares with a production of 106.84 million tonnes and productivity of 3464 kg/ha. Wheat has traditionally been dominated by the NWPZ of India. In Haryana, it occupies an area of 2.47 million hectare with recorded production of 10.62 million tonnes with productivity of 4299 kg/ha (ICAR-IIWBR 2022). After the inception of All India Coordinated Wheat Improvement Project in 1965, wheat production has made a substantial increase and real breakthrough in productivity. Since then, the spectacular advances have been made in yield potential, productivity and sustainability of wheat based systems.  


The country has been divided into five wheat growing zones based on agro-climatic conditions, disease spectrum and soil status (Source: ICAR-IIWBR, 2022).

Table 1: Zone wise area under wheat in India


Area covered

Approx. Area
(m ha)

Northern   Hills Zone (NHZ)

Western Himalayan regions of   J&K (except Jammu   and Kathua distt.) H.P. (except Una and Paonta valley); Uttaranchal (except   Tarai area); Sikkim   and Hills of West Bengal and N.E. states


North   Western Plains zone (NWPZ)

Punjab, Haryana, Delhi,   Rajasthan (except kota and uadipur divisions) and western U.P. (except Jhansi   division), parts of J&K (Jammu and Kathua distt.) and parts of H.P. (Una distt   and paonta valley) and Uttaranchal (Tarai region)


North   Eastern Plain zone (NEPZ)

Eastern UP, Bihar,   Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam and Plains of N.E. states


Central   zone (CZ)

Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh,   Gujrat, Kota   and Udaipur divisions   of Rajasthan and Jhansi   division of Uttar Pradesh


Peninsular   zone (PZ)

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra   Pradesh, Goa, Plains of Tamil Nadu, Hilly areas of Tamil Nadu and Kerala   comprising the Niligiri and Palni hills of southern plataeau






However, the two most important zones which account for about 80 per cent of the total wheat area in India, are NWPZ and NEPZ and therefore, the wheat production in the country is mainly dictated by the wheat production in these two zones. The realized wheat yield in NEPZ are considerably lower than potential yield (i.e. <30q/ha). In each of these zones different target environments can be identified for the purpose of varietal improvement programmes.

 Target Environment

 Wheat breeding in different wheat growing zones is centred to meet the requirements of the following target environments.

1.Timely sown, irrigated areas
2.Late sown, irrigated areas
3.Timely sown, rainfed area
4.Timely sown, restricted irrigation areas
5. Salt affected soils area.
6. Heat-stressed environment

Last Updated :-Sat, May 04 2024

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Awards and Recognitions

Dr. I. S. Sheoran was awarded Hari Om Ashram award for team research, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai award and NAAS Fellow : -

Infrastructural Development

  • The department has a Botanical Garden spread over an area of 10.5 acres with rich biodiversity. The department has done pioneering work in conserving the indigenour local species of plant and also introduction of exotic specis (approximately 600) from other places. Various native and exotic trees, shurbs, herbs, climbers, aquatic plants, cacti and succulents have been collected and maintained for imparting knowledge to our students as well as related scientists. Flower shows are organized from time to time.
  • The department has 9 screening houses near the college building.
  • The department has developed 20 salinity micro plots to determine phyto-remediating potential of halophytic flora and 24 lysimeter have been installed in field to determine the transpirational potential of trees having importannce in bio-drainage.
  • Experimental farms spread over 25 acres have been developed to evaluate bio-drainage potential of trees to improve waterlogged soils.

Package and Practices

system having Eucalyptus tereticornis as a strip plantation should be established on the water logged soils. In this model north to south field boundary is converted into 2.6 m wide and 45 cm high raised bund on which two rows of trees can be planted. The intervening space is left for the crops with minimum of shade effect due to the north-south direction of bunds� initiated by Drs. O.P. Toky, Rajiv Angrish and J.C. Kaushik included in the HAU Package of Practices.

Other Activities of the Department

Van Mahotsav was celebrated at CCS HAU premises in Botanical Garden of the Department of Botany & Plant Physiology On 27th July, 2015. The guest of honour in the function was honourable Agriculture Minister Sh. O.P.Dhankar. The Agriculture Minister, Vice -Chancellor (Dr. K.S.Khokhar), Member of Board (Dr. Ramesh Yadav) & Dean PGS (Dr. Rajbala Grewal) planted Tejpata, Putjeeva, Raintree and Chandni trees in Botanical Gardn.

On 20th August, 2015 tree plantation programme was conducted by the Department of Botany & Plant Physiology, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities in the Botanical Garden. The Deputy Director General (Crop Science) Dr. J.S.Sandhu Guest of Honour planted trees, along with dignitaries Vice -Chancellor (Dr.K.S.Khokhar), Registrar (Dr.M.S.Dahiya), Director of Research (Dr.S.S.Siwach), Dean, COA (Dr. R.K.Pannu) & Dean, COBS&H (Dr.R.KJain). The planted trees were Sacred Ashoka, Kachnar, Dalchini, Ashok and Ficus Sp.

Training/Symposium /Conference Organized

Organized 4 day Third Indian Palynological conference on Palynology in Crop Production & Improvement in Sepetember 21-23, 1981.

Organized 3 day Symposium of Plant Physiology (1984) in collaboration with Indian Society for Plant Physiology, New Delhi.

The Department organized National Level Training Programme on Biodrainaege: Potential and Practice funded by Ministry of Water Resources G.O.I., from Feb 1st to 6th, 2008. Dr. R. Angrish of this Department was the Course Director, held at DHRM, CCS HAU, Hisar.

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