College of Agriculture, Hisar

(Medicinal, Aromatic And Potential Crops Section)

Dr. Pawan Kumar

Mailing Address

Medicinal, Aromatic and Potential Crops Section, Deptt. of Genetics & Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar-125 004

Phone No : 01662255403

Email Id :map@hau.ac.in

Research work on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants was initiated at CCS HAU, Hisar during 1979-80 under State funded scheme which is still continued. Thereafter, project of ICAR on Isabgol and AICRP on M&APs was initiated in 1982 and 1993, respectively. A large number of plant species of medicinal and aromatic values were introduced from different parts of the State and Country from time-to-time and tested for their adaptability for the yield of their end products of economic importance i.e. roots, seeds, leaves, herb yield and oil etc.

Haryana though a small state but has different agroclimatic zones with various micro-climatic conditions. The area under medicinal and aromatic plants is 2500 ha out of the total 37 lakh ha cultivable area. The government is planning to bring about 25,000 ha area under medicinal and aromatic plants cultivation in the coming years. The emerging threat of rice-wheat rotation, frequent failure of cotton crop and lowering down of water table to the critical depth (750 ft.) in the South-West Haryana has necessitated the shift of  presently followed cropping system through diversification by horticultural/vegetable/ medicinal and aromatic crops. 

Among the medicinal Plants: The crops which have been identified having the potential through various experimentation in the Haryana State are; Mulhatti, Kalmegh, Periwinkle, Guar Patha, Isabgol, Satawar and newly introduced Stevia. Mulhatti crop is exotic in nature and India is one of the major importer of dry stolons. The annual requirement is 10,000 tonnes and this is one of the major component for making cough syrup by various pharmacies. After semi-processing of mulhattistolons, we then export it in various product forms. Isabgol is taken up in the small pocket of Sohna, Tauru and Mewat area of South-West Haryana. India is one of the major exporter of the Isabgol husk and this crop is being mainly cultivated in the Gujarat state and in some part of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states. Kalmegh is one of the short duration crop which can be fitted in the Kharifseason of Northern India, used as bitter tonic and for making drugs for fever Periwinkle is mainly cultivated in T.N. state but it has potential in Haryana State also. This is mainly used for making anticancer, antidiabetic and hypotensive drugs. Both Guar Patha and Satawar crops have yield potential upto 500-600 q/ha but there is need of processing plants for primary processing/drying of these crops. About one million population in Haryana state is suffering from diabetes and Stevia crop which does not require much aftercare harvesting and processing operation can be the answer for these people to meet the sweetening requirement. Ashwagandha crop can also be taken up in the marginal and sub-marginal area of the state which is mainly used in tonic, anemia, C.N.S stimulant, epilepsy and antitumour preparations.

In Aromatic Plants: Lemongrass, Citronella, Palmarosa, Ocimumsps. Menthasps. & Rose are the major essential oil yielding crops which are mainly used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and perfumery industries. There aromatic crops can be introduced and studied for various aspects in the Haryana state.

In addition to above crops, the cultivation of Sarapgandha and various climbers Kawanch, Gurmar, Giloe, Dioscorea and Bach in the water logged areas can also be taken up as future priority crops.

In Medicinal Plants:

1.Mulhati (Glycyrrhizaglabra)

2.Satawar (Asparagus racemosus)

  1.   Ashwagandha (Withaniasomnifera)

4.Guar patha (Aloe barbadensis)

5.Isabgol (Plantago ovata)

6.Safed musli (Chlorophytumborivilianum)

7.Kalmegh (Andrographispaniculata)

8.Asalio (Lepidiumsativum L.)

9.Periwinkle/ Sadabahar (Catharanthusroseus)

10.Senna (Senna alexandrina)

In Aromatic Plants:

1.Lemongrass (Cymbopogonflexuosus)

2.Palmarosa (Cymbopogonmartinii)

3.Citronella grass (Cymbopogonwinterianus)

4.Tulsi (Ocimumspecies)

5.Khas/Vetiver (Vetiveriazizanioides)

In addition to above crops, the cultivation of Sarapgandha and various climbers viz., Kawanch, Gurmar, Giloe, Dioscorea and Buch in the water logged areas can also be taken up as future priority crops.

Last Updated :-Tue, Oct 17 2023

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Awards and Recognitions

Dr. I. S. Sheoran was awarded Hari Om Ashram award for team research, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai award and NAAS Fellow : -

Infrastructural Development

  • The department has a Botanical Garden spread over an area of 10.5 acres with rich biodiversity. The department has done pioneering work in conserving the indigenour local species of plant and also introduction of exotic specis (approximately 600) from other places. Various native and exotic trees, shurbs, herbs, climbers, aquatic plants, cacti and succulents have been collected and maintained for imparting knowledge to our students as well as related scientists. Flower shows are organized from time to time.
  • The department has 9 screening houses near the college building.
  • The department has developed 20 salinity micro plots to determine phyto-remediating potential of halophytic flora and 24 lysimeter have been installed in field to determine the transpirational potential of trees having importannce in bio-drainage.
  • Experimental farms spread over 25 acres have been developed to evaluate bio-drainage potential of trees to improve waterlogged soils.

Package and Practices

system having Eucalyptus tereticornis as a strip plantation should be established on the water logged soils. In this model north to south field boundary is converted into 2.6 m wide and 45 cm high raised bund on which two rows of trees can be planted. The intervening space is left for the crops with minimum of shade effect due to the north-south direction of bunds� initiated by Drs. O.P. Toky, Rajiv Angrish and J.C. Kaushik included in the HAU Package of Practices.

Other Activities of the Department

Van Mahotsav was celebrated at CCS HAU premises in Botanical Garden of the Department of Botany & Plant Physiology On 27th July, 2015. The guest of honour in the function was honourable Agriculture Minister Sh. O.P.Dhankar. The Agriculture Minister, Vice -Chancellor (Dr. K.S.Khokhar), Member of Board (Dr. Ramesh Yadav) & Dean PGS (Dr. Rajbala Grewal) planted Tejpata, Putjeeva, Raintree and Chandni trees in Botanical Gardn.

On 20th August, 2015 tree plantation programme was conducted by the Department of Botany & Plant Physiology, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities in the Botanical Garden. The Deputy Director General (Crop Science) Dr. J.S.Sandhu Guest of Honour planted trees, along with dignitaries Vice -Chancellor (Dr.K.S.Khokhar), Registrar (Dr.M.S.Dahiya), Director of Research (Dr.S.S.Siwach), Dean, COA (Dr. R.K.Pannu) & Dean, COBS&H (Dr.R.KJain). The planted trees were Sacred Ashoka, Kachnar, Dalchini, Ashok and Ficus Sp.

Training/Symposium /Conference Organized

Organized 4 day Third Indian Palynological conference on Palynology in Crop Production & Improvement in Sepetember 21-23, 1981.

Organized 3 day Symposium of Plant Physiology (1984) in collaboration with Indian Society for Plant Physiology, New Delhi.

The Department organized National Level Training Programme on Biodrainaege: Potential and Practice funded by Ministry of Water Resources G.O.I., from Feb 1st to 6th, 2008. Dr. R. Angrish of this Department was the Course Director, held at DHRM, CCS HAU, Hisar.

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