Dr. A. K. Mehta
Cotton Research Station, Sirsa
Contact No : 01666-221352
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
COTTON RESEARCH STATION SIRSA
The Cotton Research Station, Sirsa is located in the Western Haryana, This station was established in April 1956 as a fodder research station and was transferred to CCS HAU in 1976 under Integrated Cotton Development Project (Funded by World Bank). Since then this station played a significant role in upliftment of farmers not only of Haryana but the adjoining areas of Punjab and Rajasthan. The station has about 53.5 acres of rich fertile, levelled and well laid out farm area for experimentation.
In the year 1976 the first task assigned to this station was to reconstitute the prevalent American cotton variety F 320 and the same was achieved in the year 1977.Two Desi cotton varieties i.e. DS-1 and DS-5 (Female parent of Hybrid AAH-1) and two American cotton varieties HS 45 and HS6 has been developed at this station and released for general cultivation in Haryana State. The variety HS-6 revolutionized the cotton cultivation due to its higher yield higher lint percentage (36%) early and synchronous maturity. The efforts and improvement made in cotton production technology enhanced the cotton production and productivity in Haryana.
Recently a promising cotton variety HS 292 has been developed by this station and notified in the Gazette of India by No. 5077 dated 26.12.2018 for cultivation in South zone in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamilnadu and Karnatka.
Desi cotton Hybrid AAH-1 developed by HAU has benefited desi cotton farmers to a great extent. Being the first genetically male sterile hybrid of the world, the problems faced by the farmers in seed production has been solved and hybrid seed production became realty in North India. Now the large number of farmers in Haryana and adjoining areas are producing hybrid seed of desi cotton at their own fields. Several farmers have received state awards for this pioneering work.
In addition to cotton seed production, Breeder and TFL seed of different field crops i.e. Wheat, Mustard, Berseem, Lucerne in Rabi and Moong, Arhar and Guar in Kharif is also produced. The seed produced at this station is in great demand in adjoining area. The cotton breeder seed production work at this station has been appreciated by the ICAR.
In Cotton Research, this station has made significant contribution and the work done at this station is recognized at National level. The mechanization of cotton cultivation has been started from Sirsa station and the row to row sowing of cotton at 67.5cm has been recommended. The crop geometry and fertilizer requirements were worked out for Bt. Cotton and recommendation is included in package of practices.
In addition to this, several Bt cotton hybrids and other agro inputs were tested for their use at farmers’ fields. Recently, for the management of parawilt of cotton (emerging problem of cotton), foliar spray of Cobalt Chloride @ 2.0 g/200 liter of water per acre within 48 hours of appearance of Parawilt symptoms is recommended and included in the package of practices.
The Regional stations of CCSHAU had been established to cater the specific needs of the region. Cotton Research Station played a significant role in upliftment of cotton farmers of this area. The efforts made by this station resulted in uplifting the economic conditions of farmers.